Dissolved oxygen (DO) meter, DO probe, is a specialized instrument used to measure the concentration of dissolved oxygen in a liquid, typically water. Dissolved oxygen is a critical parameter in various applications, particularly in environmental monitoring, aquaculture, wastewater treatment, and research involving aquatic ecosystems.

The dissolved oxygen concentration in water is essential for the survival of aquatic organisms, as it directly influences their respiration and metabolism. It also serves as an indicator of water quality, as low oxygen levels can be a sign of pollution or environmental degradation.

  1. Measurement Principle: Dissolved oxygen meters operate based on different measurement principles. The two most common methods are:a. Polarographic Method: This method uses a polarographic or Clark-type electrode that consumes oxygen through a chemical reaction at a cathode. The amount of oxygen consumed is proportional to the dissolved oxygen concentration in the water.b. Optical or Luminescent Method: This method relies on the luminescence of a fluorescent material sensitive to oxygen. The quenching of the fluorescence by dissolved oxygen is used to determine its concentration.
  2. Probe or Sensor: The dissolved oxygen meter comes with a specialized probe or sensor that is inserted into the liquid sample. The probe contains the electrode or luminescent material responsible for detecting the dissolved oxygen concentration.
  3. Calibration: Like other measuring instruments, dissolved oxygen meters require periodic calibration using standard solutions of known oxygen concentrations.
  4. Display Screen: The meter features a digital display that shows the measured dissolved oxygen concentration, usually in milligrams per liter (mg/L) or parts per million (ppm).
  5. Temperature Compensation: Dissolved oxygen levels are temperature-dependent, so most meters include automatic temperature compensation (ATC) to adjust for variations in sample temperature.
  6. Salinity Compensation (Optional): In some applications, such as marine environments, dissolved oxygen readings may need to be compensated for changes in salinity.
  7. Data Logging and Connectivity (Optional): Advanced dissolved oxygen meters may have data logging capabilities to store multiple measurements or the ability to connect to a computer or mobile device for data transfer and analysis.
  8. Battery Power: Dissolved oxygen meters are typically battery-operated for portable use in the field.

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When using a dissolved oxygen meter, it's essential to handle the probe carefully, calibrate it regularly, and follow the manufacturer's instructions to ensure accurate and reliable measurements. The specific features and performance of a dissolved oxygen meter can vary between models and manufacturers, so choosing the right meter for your needs depends on the intended application and required level of accuracy.